Volume 6, Issue 2, June 2020, Page: 125-128
Neonatal Determinants of Mothers’ Affective Involvement in Newly Delivered Cameroonian Women
Georges Pius Kamsu Moyo, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Raïssa Monayong Mendomo, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Sonia Zebaze, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Laura Kuate Makowa, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Christiale Batibonack, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Audrey Thérese Mbang, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Received: Feb. 7, 2020;       Accepted: Feb. 25, 2020;       Published: Mar. 17, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajp.20200602.21      View  322      Downloads  60
Abstract
Background: Emotional instability represents a common psychological impairment experienced by newly delivered women, susceptible to impact mothers’ affective involvement and hence mother-infant bonding. It may occur as early as during the first two weeks of early postpartum, manifesting firstly with the baby blues also known as postpartum or maternity blues, and secondly with postpartum depression or psychosis. Mother-infant bonding as defined in this study refers to the emotional attachment that normally exist between a mother and her newly born infant. Factors susceptible to impact mother-infant bonding may be maternal, environmental, neonatal, or a combination of all, with possible repercussions on the neonate’s neurological and psycho-affective development. Objective: We aimed to identify and assess neonatal determinants of mothers’ affective involvement few days after delivery in Cameroonian women. Method: A case-control study was carried out over a period of four months in 2015, in two teaching hospitals of Yaoundé, Cameroon among 321 newly delivered women of which 107 had been diagnosed with emotional instability (the cases), and 214 emotionally stable women (the controls). Results: Neonatal factors associated with mothers’ emotional swings also known as the baby blues were babies presenting health problems (OR=4.33; p<0.001), mothers’ difficulties in taking care of the baby (OR=7.65; p<0.001), having given birth to a baby of female sex (OR=1.66; p=0.033). Conclusion: Emotional instability and mood swings causing affective impairments in mothers few days after delivery may be associated with a number of neonatal factors which account for its onset. There exists a susceptibility to the alteration of mother-infant bonding which can resound on neonatal neurological and psycho-affective development. This may be prevented by optimal preparation for maternity including baby care practices, perinatal counselling, mothers’ assistance, and encouraged breastfeeding.
Keywords
Mother-infant Bonding, Emotional Instability, Postpartum, Cameroon
To cite this article
Georges Pius Kamsu Moyo, Raïssa Monayong Mendomo, Sonia Zebaze, Laura Kuate Makowa, Christiale Batibonack, Audrey Thérese Mbang, Neonatal Determinants of Mothers’ Affective Involvement in Newly Delivered Cameroonian Women, American Journal of Pediatrics. Vol. 6, No. 2, 2020, pp. 125-128. doi: 10.11648/j.ajp.20200602.21
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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