Volume 6, Issue 3, September 2020, Page: 234-239
Factor Associated with Development Disorder in Children
I Gusti Ayu Trisna Windiani, Department of Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia
Vanessa Lini Gunawan, Department of Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia
I Gusti Agung Ngurah Sugitha Adnyana, Department of Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia
Soetjiningsih, Department of Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia
Received: May 6, 2020;       Accepted: May 25, 2020;       Published: Jun. 15, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajp.20200603.20      View  171      Downloads  53
Abstract
Early detection of growth and development delay is important so that interventions can be carried out on time. Knowing the factors associated with developmental disorders in children is important in efforts to improve the quality of life of children and reduce the prevalence of these disorders in general. This study aims to determine the factor associated with developmental disorder in the Sanglah General Hospital Growth and Development clinic in 2018. This research is a retrospective cross sectional study. The research data was obtained from the outpatient register at the Growth and developmental clinic, Sanglah General Hospital. The subjects of this study were all patients who visited in RSUP Sanglah Denpasar from January 1st, 2018 to December 31st, 2018. There were 363 patient with developmental disorder in a year, most cases (37.5%) were global developmental delays. The majority of patients with developmental disorder were aged 2-5 years (47.9%), were male (66.7%), had normal birth weight (69.9%) and had vaginal birth 60.4%. The majority of patients were found with comorbidities (50.4%), and epilepsy (12.6%) were the most common comorbidities found among patients. Child’s gender (PR 2.687; 96%CI 1.829-3.945; p=0.001), parents level of education (PR 2.223; 95%CI 1.414-3.497; p=0.001), birth weight (PR 2.066; 95%CI: 1.290-3.310; p=0.001), and nutritional status (PR 2.014; 95%CI 1.312-23.091; p=0.001) was associated with developmental dissorder. This research proved that child’s gender, parents level of education, birth weight, and nutritional status had a significant role in children's development disorders.
Keywords
Children, Developmental Disorder, Factor Associated, Growth and Development Clinic
To cite this article
I Gusti Ayu Trisna Windiani, Vanessa Lini Gunawan, I Gusti Agung Ngurah Sugitha Adnyana, Soetjiningsih, Factor Associated with Development Disorder in Children, American Journal of Pediatrics. Vol. 6, No. 3, 2020, pp. 234-239. doi: 10.11648/j.ajp.20200603.20
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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